When you see a rodent scurrying around your home or business, how do you know if it’s a rat or a mouse? Although both of these types of rodents cause similar problems for property owners, there are significant physical differences between them. Keep the following in mind, so that you can tell the difference between mice and rats.
Physical Appearance of Mice
Mice are generally smaller in size than rats. These rodents tend to weigh up to 0.5 ounces when they are fully grown, while rats can weigh up to 11 ounces as adults. They have a smaller head, smaller feet, and larger ears compared to rats. They also have a more pointed snout and their coat is a light brown coloring.
Physical Appearance of Rats
Rats are typically bigger than mice. Norway rats have a brown or black body, as well as shorter ears and a blunt snout. They also have bodies that are heavier and thicker than mice and a coat that tends to be longer and have a rougher texture. Their tails are usually a paler coloring underneath and a darker coloring on top. Roof rats, another common type of rat species, are typically a grayish color with some black shading. These rats have bodies that are more slender than Norway rats, and they're also slightly smaller when they are fully grown. They have a more pointed snout similar to a mouse’s snout, as well as larger ears. Roof rats have a smoother coat and a tail that is dark all over in coloring.
Other Differences Between Mice and Rats
Mice and rats also differ in terms of their droppings. Mouse droppings are typically shaped like a rod, while rat droppings have a more blunted or capsule-like shape. Both of these rodents are known for leaving droppings behind as they move about looking for food and water. Since their feces can contain harmful germs, it’s important to have professional pest control experts inspect your home or business if you find any.
Another difference between rats and mice is where you’re more likely to find them. Mice are generally found in a wide range of habitats, including rural and urban areas, as well as indoor and outdoor areas. They can easily fit through narrow openings to gain entry into residential and commercial buildings. Norway rats are usually found in lower areas of buildings, while roof rats are mainly found in higher areas, such as on upper floors, roofs and trees. Rats and mice are both nocturnal, so you’re much more likely to see or hear them during the night rather than during the day.
If you have rats or mice on your residential or commercial property, please contact Perfection Pest Control for help. We offer dependable pest control services in Cincinnati and northern Kentucky.